segunda-feira, 13 de junho de 2016

Increasing the money supply (CGD)

The eventual winding up of the European Central Bank's massive bond-buying programme will create problems for highly indebted euro zone countries such as Italy and Portugal, the Greek finance minister said on Thursday. Euclid Tsakalotos warned that their borrowing costs could surge when the ECB ends the now 80-billion-euro-a-month stimulus programme it launched in January 2015 and which has driven down sovereign bond yields across the euro zone. "Quantitative easing has problems and will not last forever" (...) The ECB has pledged to maintain its stimulus programme until March 2017, and possibly beyond, to counter ultra-low inflation in the 19 countries of the currency bloc. "It is very important that we remember that when QE does finish there will be a lot of economies that are now high-debt economies that will have a problem," Tsakalotos told the Brussels Economic Forum"Interest rates of Portugal or Italy now reflect the fact they have got QE." Greece has so far not been a beneficiary of quantitative easing, but it aims to join the programme soon after the conclusion of a reform review under a bailout programme negotiated with euro zone lenders. (Reuters, Reporting by Francesco Guarascio; Editing by Catherine Evans) 09, Junho, 2016 
Quantitative easing (QE) is a monetary policy used by central banks to stimulate the economy when standard monetary policy has become ineffective. A central bank implements quantitative easing by buying financial assets from commercial banks and other financial institutions, thus raising the prices of those financial assets and lowering their yield, while simultaneously increasing the money supply.This differs from the more usual policy of buying or selling short-term government bonds to keep interbank interest rates at a specified target value.